# Learn Types of Operators in Python

Once you know the variables and data types in Python, then you will be acquainted with the Operator.

What is a carrier?

Here are the symbols that are used to perform certain operations.

There are six types of operators in every programming shall ye know:

Arithmetic operators

Operator Appellant / Relation

Operator Assignment

operator for Logic

operators Bitwise

operators Ternary

Let's discuss everything.

#### 1. Arithmetic

Operator arithmetic operator for including in the most frequently used in programming.

Operator for arithmetic consists of:

Operator Symbol addition + Reduction – Multiplication * division / Remaining Share % promotion **

Let's try the python program:

Example code:

`# file: operator_aritmatika.py`

# Take input to fill in the value

a = input ("Input the value of a:")

b = input ("Input value b:")

print

# Using the addition operator

c = a + b

print "Result% d +% d =% d"% (a, b, c)

# Reduction Operators

c = a - b

print "Result% d -% d =% d"% (a, b, c)

# Multiplication Operators

c = a * b

print "Result% d *% d =% d"% (a, b, c)

# Division Operators

c = a / b

print "Result% d /% d =% d"% (a, b, c)

# Time Remaining Operators

c = a% b

print "Result% d %%% d =% d"% (a, b, c)

# Rank Operators

c = a ** b

print "Result% d **% d =% d"% (a, b, c)

The result:

In the python source code above, you use string formatting to print the results of each Operator.

Operator% only used for formatting strings, these operators are also used to calculate the rest of the operation.

For example: 5% 2, then the result is 1. For the remainder of the quotient between 5 by 2 is 1.

#### 2. Assignment Operator

As the name suggests, this operator is used to assign tasks to the variable.

For example:

age = 18

Then the variable age you had given the task to save the number 18.

In addition to storing or charging value, there is also a summing, subtracting, multiplication, division, etc.

More can be seen in the following table.

Operator Symbol filling= addition+= Reduction-= Multiplication*= division/= Remaining Share%=

For more details, let you try the following example in python program:

`# file: operator_penugasan.py`

# Take input to fill in the value

a = input ("Input the value of a:")

print

# ^

# | example assignment operator to fill in a value

print "Value a =% d"% a

# Try to add the value of a to the assignment operator

a += 5

# ^

# |

# example assignment operator to add up

# After the value of a plus 5, try to see the contents

print "Value after added 5:"

print "a =% d"% a

The result:

At first you fill a variable value by 4. Then do a summation or plus 5.

a += 5

The sum is the same as saying something like this:

a = a + 5

That is, you fill out a variable value with a previous value, then plus 5.

Understand…?

Well, if you already know please try again for another operator example below:

`# Take input to fill in the value`

a = input ("Input the value of a:")

# add 2

a += 2

# subtract 3

a -= 3

# 10 times

a *= 10

# divide by 4

a /= 4

# rank 10

a **= 10

# What is the value of a now?

print

print "Value a is% d"% a

#### 3. Comparison Operator

This operator is used to compare two values. This operator is also known as relational operators and is often used to create a logic or condition.

Opertor consists of:

operator Symbol Symbol Greater than> Smaller< Equal to== Not Equal!= Larger Equals>= Smaller Equals<=

Example:

a = 9

b = 5

c = a < b

Are the contents of the variable c?

Its content is False, because the value of 9 is less than 5 (9 <5) is one of (False).

For more details, let you try example the python program below:

# file: operator_comparator.py

a = input ("Input the value of a:")

b = input ("Input value b:")

# Is a the same as b?

c = a == b

print "Is% d ==% d:% r"% (a, b, c)

# is it a **c = a ****print "Is% d <% d:% r"% (a, b, c)**

# what is a> b?

c = a> b

print "Is% d >% d :% r"% (a, b, c)

# Is it a <= b?

c = a <= b

print "Is% d <=% d: % r"% (a, b, c)

# is a> = b?

c = a>= b

print "Is% d >=% d: % r"% (a, b, c)

# Is a! = b?

c = a!= b

print "Is% d !=% d: % r"% (a, b, c)

The results are to input a 4 and inputs b 8:

#### 4. Logical Operators

Logical operators are used to create a logic operation, such as AND, OR, and NOT.

Logic operator comprising:

Name Symbols in Python Logika ANDand Logika ORor Negation / reversenot

Example code:

a = True

b = False

# Logika AND

c = a and b

print "%r and %r = %r" % (a,b,c)

# Logika OR

c = a or b

print "%r or %r = %r" % (a,b,c)

# Logika Not

c = not a

print "not %r = %r" % (a,c)

The result:

#### 5. Operator Bitwise

Bitwise operator is an operator to perform an operation based on bit / binary.

This operator consists of:

name symbol Symbols in Python AND& OR| XOR^ Negation / reverse~ Left Shift<< Right Shift>>

The results of operations of these carriers is rather difficult to understand, if you do not understand binary operation.

Let you try to understand with a simple example:

For example, you have a variable a = 60 and b = 13.

When made in binary form, will be like this:

a = 00111100

b = 00001101

Then, the bitwise operation

AND operation

a = 00111100

b = 00001101

a & b = 00001100

OR operation

a = 00111100

b = 00001101

a | b = 00111101

XOR operation

a = 00111100

b = 00001101

a ^ b = 00110001

Operating NOT (Negation / reverse)

a = 00111100

~a = 11000011

The concept is similar to the operator for Logic. However, Bitwise used for binary.

Let's try the python program the following:

a = input ("Input value a:")

b = input ("Enter value b:")

print

# Operation AND

c = a & b

print "a & b =% s"% c

# OR operations

c = a | b

print "a | b =% s"% c

# XOR operation

c = a ^ b

print "a ^ b =% s"% c

# Operation Not

c = ~ a

print "~ a =% s"% c

# Left shift operation (exchange binary positions)

c = a << b

print "a << b =% s"% c

# Operation shift right (exchange binary position)

c = a >> b

print "a >> b =% s"% c

The results are to input a 4, and B 8:

#### 6. Operator Ternary

Also known as the ternary operator conditional operator, because it is used to create an expression branch conditions such as IF / ELSE.

Ternary operator does not exist in Python, but Python has no way to replace this operator.

In other programming languages ternary operator use a question mark (?) And colon (:).

conditions?

:

Example:

I = (age <10)? “Boy”, “adult”

In Python different forms, namely use IF / ELSE in a row.

Example:

age = input ( “How old are you?”)

I = “boy” if age <10 else "adult"

print I

Readability is not it?

Try also to fill in the value of the age variable with a value below 10 and note its output.

Another way to create a ternary operation can also use Tuple and List.

single = True

status = (“Married”, “Single”)[single]

print status

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